Tuesday, May 6, 2008
It has been predicted that by 2035 there would be three major economies of world - US economy, Indian Rupee, Chinese Economy. and the growth rate of indian economy for makin this prediction correct has somewhat slowed down in this fiscal year due to global economic woes. Indian economy is a diversified economy with agriculture sector still the greatest job provider.
Indian INC's are making global impact and every second day we can listen news
about indian company's acqisition of some other company. Global Acquisitions by Indian companies are making the impact of indian economy on a global scale.
India's economy is on the fulcrum of an ever increasing growth curve. With positive indicators such as a stable 8-9 per cent annual growth, rising foreign exchange reserves, a booming capital market and a rapidly expanding FDI inflows, India has emerged as the second fastest growing major economy in the world.
The economy has been growing at an average growth rate of 8.8 per cent in the last four fiscal years (2003-04 to 2006-07), with the 2006-07 growth rate of 9.6 per cent being the highest in the last 18 years. Significantly, the industrial and service sectors have been contributing a major part of this growth, suggesting the structural transformation underway in the Indian economy.
For example, industrial and services sectors have logged in a 10.63 and 11.18 per cent growth rate in 2006-07 respectively, against 8.02 per and 11.01 cent in 2005-06. Similarly, manufacturing grew by 8.98 per cent and 12 per cent in 2005-06 and 2006-07 and transport, storage and communication recorded a growth of 14.65 and per cent 16.64 per cent, respectively.
Another significant feature of the growth process has been the consistently increasing savings and investment rate. While the gross saving rate as a proportion of GDP has increased from 23.5 per cent in 2001-02 to 34.8 per cent in 2006-07, the investment rate-reflected as the gross capital formation as a proportion of GDP-has increased from 22.8 per cent in 2001-02 to 35.9 per cent in 2006-07.
The growth pattern for this year has been robust with every sector's growth seen in green colour. some of the details about sectoral growth patterns is as follows :
The process continues in the current fiscal year. On the back of 9.9 per cent growth in the first half of 2006-07, GDP grew by 9.1 per cent during April-September 2007.
* While overall industrial production grew by 9 per cent during April-December 2007, importantly capital goods production rose by 20.2 per cent compared to 18.6 per cent during same period in 2006.
* Services grew by 10.5 per cent in April-September 2007, on the back of 11.6 per cent during the corresponding period in 2006-07.
* Manufacturing grew by 9.6 per cent during April-December 2007, on the back of 12.2 per cent growth during same period in 2006-07.
* Core infrastructure sector continued its growth rate recording 6 per cent growth in April-November 2007.
* While exports grew by 21.76 per cent during April-December 2007, imports increased by 25.97 per cent in the same period.
* Money Supply (M3) has grown by a robust 22.8 per cent growth (year-on-year) as of December 21, 2007 compared to 19.3 per cent last year.
* The annual inflation rate in terms of WPI was 3.5 per cent for the week ended December 29, 2007 as compared to 5.89 per cent a year ago.
* Fiscal and revenue deficit decreased by 11 per cent and 17.2 per cent, respectively, during April-November 2007-08 over corresponding period last year.
With such a robust growth rates, the advance estimates of the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) expects the economy to grow by 8.7 per cent in 2007-08.
Highlights of Indian economy for present fiscal year are as follows :
Reflecting the favourable prospect of growth rate of Indian economy, the orders received Indian companies have increased by a whopping 68.6 per cent to US$ 32.48 billion during January-October 2007 compared to US$ 19.26 billion in the same period last year.
* India is among the five countries sharing 50 per cent of the world production (or GDP).
* FDI inflows have jumped by almost three times to US$ 15.7 billion in 2006-07 as against US$ 5.5 billion in 2005-06.
* The aggregate income of the top 500 companies rose by 28.4 per cent in 2006-07 to total US$ 469.51 billion.
* India's National Stock Exchange (NSE) ranks first in the stock futures and second in index futures trade in the world.
* Twenty Indian firms have made it to the list of Boston Consulting Group's 100 New Global Challenger Giants list.
* According to a study by the McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), India's consumer market will be the world's fifth largest (from twelfth) in the world by 2025.
* The number of companies incorporated has increased at an annual average of 55,000 companies in the last two years to 865,000, from 712,000 companies at the end of 2005.
* Four Indians and seven Indian microfinance companies make it to the Forbes list of Top10 world's wealthiest CEOs World's Top 50 Microfinance Institutions, respectively.
* India has the most number of private equity (PE) funds operating amongst the BRIC markets.
* Mumbai has been ranked tenth among the world's biggest centres of commerce in terms of the financial flow volumes by a survey compiled by MasterCard Worldwide.
Another significant aspect has been the broad-based nature of the growth process. While new economy industries like Information Technology and biotechnology have been growing around 30 per cent, significantly old economy sectors like steel have also been major contributors in the Indian growth process. For example, India has moved up two places to become the fifth largest steel producer in the world.
And with its manufacturing and service sectors on a searing growth path, Lehman Brothers Asia estimates India to grow by as much as 10 per cent every year in the next decade.
It is seen that the per capita income of india is on a rise the following report sums up the per capita income growth trends:
Along this significant acceleration in the growth rate of Indian economy, India's per capita income has increased at a rapid pace, exceeding an earlier forecast made by Goldman Sachs BRIC report which estimated India's per capita to touch US$ 800 by 2010 and US$ 1149 by 2015.
Per capita income has increased from US$ 460 in 2000-01 to almost double to US$ 797 by the end of 2006-07. In 2007-08, India's per capita income is estimated to be over US$ 825.07, according to the advance estimates of the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO). Further, India's per capita income is expected to increase to US$ 2000 by 2016-17 and US$ 4000 by 2025. This growth rate will, consequently, propel India into the middle-income category.
Sunday, May 4, 2008
Tata Motors came into global limelight as an automobile major in early 2007 or even earlier when news of the cheapest world car was out of the tata's stable, Launch of tata nano (the $ 2500 car) turned all heds towards the tata motors and every major auto maker now want to replicate the same model but will never able to make a car even cheaper then the Tata's nano due to the cheapest input cost of nano, and the advantage with tata's is that they can use their own homemade steel for making the chasis of their vehicles which other companies have to purchase from other steel companies.
The launch of Tata Nano was much hyped so that the whole world notices the nano and Tata as a global automobile major with a surprise to come later in the year. the world never knew that the year 2007 was year of Tata Motors's brand acquisitions of the JAGUAR and LAND ROVER the iconic british car brands famous through out the world for their excellent cars in luxury car market.
Some still think that tats'a have played much bigger then they can by acquiring JAGUAR and ROVER car companies which were owned by the ford motor company of United states of America.
It may also be recalled that in 2007 the Toyota Motor Corporation surpassed General Motors to become World's number 1 automobile company. Now every car maker want to replicate the Toyota model to make their car company's revenue much larger and Tata's are no exception.
It took 3 decades for the japanese auto maker to enter into the luxury car market .
Toyota is the gold standard that aspiring auto-makers look to. Synonymous with Japanese quality, Toyota got to its premier position in the world auto stakes by a combination of production efficiency, high quality and delivering unsurpassed value to the customer. Toyota fans call a Honda, “a fake Toyota”, seemingly referring to Honda following in Toyota’s footprints and achieving similar status in terms of quality and value. Similarly while a growing company like Hyundai benchmarks its cars against Toyota competitors, a relatively “old-world” company like Volkswagen re-designed its production process based on inputs from Toyota engineers.
Still Toyota did not move beyond its economy and hence cheap image in the Western world till the introduction of its luxury brand, the Lexus. The strategy was such a success that other Japanese auto makers quickly jumped onto the bandwagon. The Lexus strategy had a curious side-effect on the overall Toyota bouquet of products. Unlike how the European companies built their luxury cars, Toyota continued to use the production line using strict quality control to drive efficiency. As a result the luxury cars did not cost significantly more than the regular line-up. While this revolutionized the luxury car market, it also worked wonders for its non-luxury line-up as the superior styling and finish of the luxury models began to rub-off on the rest of the portfolio.
Tata Motors has only taken baby steps towards becoming a global automaker. But the newly-acquired the availability of true luxury brands within the stable allows the company to learn what it takes to give its cars the aspirational value they need to succeed in the Western markets.
In addition to taking design lessons, Tata Motors can also benefit from the world-class R&D facilities, and an established global marketing network. Also while the Jaguar-Land Rover brand image will work wonders for Tata Motors’ own image, there is a danger that it would dilute the value of the British brands. So if the Tatas make it clear that they will treat the new companies as prized possessions that they will take pains to nourish and grow, while also using them as a huge opportunity to learn, then that should allay fears of brand dilution, while keeping the existing jobs and helping the Tatas as they build up their portfolio of vehicles to fill the gap between the SUVs and the luxury vehicles, in terms of both products and aspirational value.
So keep your fingers crossed and wait 2-3 years to see the technology of jaguar and rover brand embedded into indian made tata cars.